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The United States of America vs. Richard M. Nixon
In this case, the court is asked to decide if the president had
knowledge\involvement in the Watergate robberies and if he had the right to
invoke Executive Privilege.
During the campaign of President Nixon's second term, a group of
burglars working for the committee to re-elect the President broke into the
headquarters of the Democratic National Committee at the Watergate office-
apartment complex in Washington DC, apparently in search of political
intelligence. Attempts by the White House to stop or frustrate the ensuing
investigations ultimately failed when Nixon's own White House tape recordings
revealed that the president and his assistants had engaged in an obstruction of
Following the arrest of the two co-plotters--G. Gordon Liddy and E.
Howard Hunt-- District Court Judge John J. Sirica was convinced that pertinent
details had not been unveiled during the trial and proffered leniency in
exchange for further information. It became increasingly evident that the
Watergate burglars were tied closely to the CIA and the Committee to Re-elect
the President, some of Nixon's aides began talking to federal prosecutors. Due
to the defection of these aides, the Senate established, in February of 1973, an
investigative committee held by Senator Sam Ervin, Jr., to look into the growing
scandal. Amid the disclosures of White House involvement in the Watergate
break-in and its aftermath, Nixon announced...