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The Egyptian Religion
The Egyptians had a very influential religion that can be analyzed using
the five elements of religion. The characteristics of the Ancient Egyptian's
religion can be divided into the five elements of religion: authority, faith,
rituals, moral code, and concept of the deity.
First, the authority of the Egyptian religion. The main authority of
the Egyptian religion was the Pharaoh, he had divine right over the people and
was considered a god. Also, he could change the religion any way he wanted, for
example in the 14th century BC Akhenaton, the Pharaoh outlawed all gods but Aton,
who was the sun god, and this became the first monotheistic religion in history,
but it was short lived, for when he died the new Pharaoh overruled the law and
restored the other gods. The Egyptians Sacred literature was the “Book of the
Dead” which consisted of 42 “negative confessions” , spells and prayers. Here
is a excerpts from the “Book of the Dead”
1. I have not acted sinfully toward me 2. I have not oppressed the members of my
family 3. I have not done wrong instead of what is right 4. I have known no
worthless folk (Encarta ‘96)
Their were also what we would call "Priests" who sold the people "magical" items
that they said would ensure the dead people a way into heaven. Therefore, the
authority of the Egyptian religion was controlled heavily by the government.
Second, the Egyptians Faith was an important characteristic of their