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Martin Luther (November 10, 1483 - February 18, 1546) was a Christian theologian and Augustinian monk whose teachings inspired the Protestant Reformation and deeply influenced the doctrines of Protestant and other Christian traditions. Martin Luther was born to Hans and Margaretha Luder on November 10 1483 in Eisleben, Germany and was baptized the next day on the feast of St. Martin of Tours, after which he was named. Lutherís call to the Church to return to the teachings of the Bible resulted in the formation of new traditions within Christianity and the Counter-Reformation in the Roman Catholic Church.
On Halloween of 1517, Martin Luther changed the course of human history when he nailed his 95 Theses to the church door at Wittenberg, accusing the Roman Catholic Church of heresy upon heresy. Many people cite this act as the primary starting point of the Protestant Reformation. Luther\'s action was in great part a response to the selling of indulgences by Johann Tetzel, a Dominican priest. Luther\'s charges also directly challenged the position of the clergy in regard to individual salvation. Before long, Lutherís 95 Theses of Contention had been copied and published all over Europe.
Pope Leo X was outraged by Lutherís protestant views. Consequently Luther was summoned to either renounce or reaffirm them at the Diet of Worms on April 17 1521. When he appeared before the assembly, he apologized for the harsh tone of many of his writings but said that he could not rejec...